USING TEXTS WRITTEN IN RROMANI LANGUAGE WITH PC-ComputerS ?
Most probably your computer has already got all the resources needed for word processing in Rromani language
How to check it ?
Look here : [ƷƷ]
• If there is something like "thirty-three" in the square brackets, then you already have got the Arial Unicode font, which allows you to read Rromani texts on your screen and to print them down.
• If there is something else in the square brackets, then you need to install the font ArialUnicodeMS rromani as explained below.
You may also check in the menu "Fonts" of the "Formatting" set at the head of a Word document, when opened, if it contains Arial Unicode MS or ArialUnicodeMS rromani.
INSTALLATION of ArialUnicodeMS rromani
1. How to use texts which are already spelled in Rromani characters ?
If you just want to read Rromani texts in electronic version, you need to download the corresponding font to your computer through clicking on the following frame :
This file contains the entire common Rromani alphabet as well as other very useful signs, like the International Phonetic Alphabet.
It may also happen that you receive a text written in Rromani, either through e-mail or on a disk, accompanied by a file called ArialUnicodeMS rromani (its icon is rectangular, with two "T"'s on it). If you already have the font itself or the general font Arial Unicode MS, just disregard the new one.
After downloading ArialUnicodeMS rromani, drag it onto the icon called "Fonts", which appears when you open your "Configuration Panel" folder (in "My Computer").
As soon as your ArialUnicodeMS rromani has been introduced into the Fonts folder, you can close all windows and open any Rromani text on the internet or on a disk. If you have carried out successfully all the operations, a lay-out of the text will appear without mistake on the screen and will be printed also without mistake (some computers need to be switched off and restarted).
THAT'S ALL YOU HAVE TO DO !
When you want to circulate and/or publish a book or an article, you have to hand over to the potential readers and to the person(s) of the printing-house your text-file(s) together with the ArialUnicodeMS rromani file, and they will carry out the same operations on the computer and flash-machine they intend to use for printing your book or article.
Only for professionals :
Professionals (publishers, designers, webmasters etc.) could appreciate to use an alternative font, belonging to the Times family, and which can be downloaded from the following frame :
2. How to write your own texts in Rromani characters ?
If you also wish to write texts in Rromani, take the following steps — in both cases mentioned above (irrespectively if you already have the Font or if you have just downloaded it):
After the operations described above, first open as usual a file in WORD to start writing your own text, then select the whole of the future text (unroll "Edition" and click "Select all") and choose the needed Font in the menu "Fonts" of the "Formatting" set at the head of a WORD document.
After that, unroll with the mouse the menu entitled "Insert", keeping pressed the left ear of the mouse, shifting down to the line "Special characters" and then remove your finger from the mouse. At that point, a window appears with all the characters which are at your disposal.
In the title of the window, the name "Arial Unicode MS" (or "ArialUnicodeMS rromani") should appear. If not, search it by selecting it with the help of the little square on the right side of the title of the Font.
Then you have to look for all the Rromani characters one by one to ascribe to each of them a specific location (a key) on the keyboard. This operation takes two or three minutes and it is done once and for all.
For example :
How to ascribe a key to the letter ǎ [ya] ?
Look for the character ǎ in the window. This character should be in box number 01CE ("Character Code" in Unicode system – last line, right of the window). When you have identified the correct character, then click on it [ǎ]. Capital Ǎ stands left of it, in box number 01CD, and then stand other vowels with inflex [ˇ] in small squares among other characters, as shown below:
....Ư, ư, Ǎ, ǎ, Ǐ, ǐ, Ǒ, ǒ, Ǔ, ǔ, Ǖ, ǖ....
When you have selected ǎ with a click, it will appear in increased size with its square. Then click on "Short cut", a command you can find on the bottom of the window, and another window will open with the selected character in a white space and the title "Command" in the middle of the window. Then choose the key to which you will ascribe the selected character (ǎ in this case) by pressing ALT in the key-board and typing "a". Afterwards confirm your choice by clicking "Ascribe" on the left side of the window and close by clicking "Close" right above. This has to be done for every single character.
Repeat this operation for the other characters of the Rromani alphabet according to the key distribution indicated below :
Capital Ǎ (code 01CD) should be ascribed to ALT SHIFT A
Small ǐ (code 01D0) should be ascribed to ALT i
Capital Ǐ (code 01CF) should be ascribed to ALT SHIFT I
and similarly for Ǒ, ǒ, Ǔ e ǔ.
Capital Ě and small ě do not stand on the same line as other vowels with inflex, they are located higher in the chart in boxes 011A and 011B, between characters Ę, ę on their left and characters Ĝ, ĝ on their right. Ascribe them to the respective keys E and e, just as you did previously for the other vowels.
Repeat this operation in order to ascribe the character θ [d/t], which is found in box 03B8 among Greek letters; as a rule it is ascribed to ALT-8.
Capital 3 and small ʒ (to be found in boxes 01B7 and 0292),
Ś and ś (in boxes 015A and 015B, between ř and Ŝ),
then Ź and ź (in boxes 0179 and 017A, between Ÿ and Ż)
and Ć and ć (in boxes 0106 and 0107, between ą and Ĉ),
are to be ascribed respectively to ALT-j, ALT-SHIFT-J, ALT-s, ALT-SHIFT-S, ALT-z etc...
When you have ascribed each Rromani characters to an ALT + key position, close the "Special characters" window; you will be back in your WORD file. You are now able to write any text in Rromani language and to make use of the required special Rromani characters by applying the command ALT (or ALT-SHIFT for capital letters) together with the adequate basic key.
This way of writing with Rromani letters is also compatible with e-mail messages, provided you write under Outlook Express.
3. Note for professionals using Amaro Times font :
After downloading this font, you will ascribe all the Rromani letters the same way as above, except capital 3 and the corresponding low case letter which are to be found in boxes 0175 and 0174 and will be ascribed respectively to ALT—SHIFT-Q and ALT-q.